Anaxagoras (500-428 B.C.) was the first philosopher of Ionia to live at Athens, Greece. He brought to Athens the statement, ‘each thing is in each thing.’ Big thinkers, like Plato (427-347 B.C.) , lived there.
When Aristotle’s mind began to develop at Plato’s Academy, Aristotle developed logic, which is found in Euclid’s first geometry, in the Roman courts of Cicero during the Middle Ages, and in today’s mechanical devices.
However, the mathematics (or geometry) of Plato and the logic of Aristotle were always unclear subjects. So, Plato wrote his Parmenides. This dialogue is a study of Aristotle’s logic and the logically opposed words we call ‘one’ and ‘many.’ In Parmenides, Plato makes two conclusions as follows:
(1) if there is no one, there is nothing at all and
(2) if there is a one, the one is both all things and nothing.
At age 12, Jesus walks away from the discussions in the temple of the Jews. When he returns at age 30, Jesus does not uses logical thinking to teach his subjects on the life of humans. Instead, Jesus teaches the statement of Anaxagoras. For instance, at John 10:30 and 10:38, Jesus connects ‘one and many’ things by using the word ‘in.’ In fifteen centuries, the word ‘in’ begins to receive the functional relation of things.
On p.6 of my book on ‘The First Scientific Proof of God,’ I say, ‘all finite things are originated by an infinite thing.’ Thus, the words ‘finite’ and ‘infinite’ are not related logically, just as the concepts, one and many, are not related logically. If all finite things are related to an infinite thing, they reveal the attributes of God and that God is one.
More on Anaxagoras topic coming soon.